Government Stipulates Types of COVID-19 Vaccines

As a follow up to our previous Newsflash on the general overview of COVID-19 vaccine procurement, this Newsflash discusses the types of vaccines for COVID-19 as stipulated under the Minister of Health (“MOH”) Decree No. HK.01.07/MENKES/9860/2020 dated December 3, 2020 on Stipulation of the Types of Vaccines for the Implementation of the Corona Virus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) Vaccination (the “MOH Decree”).

We set out below the key provisions of the MOH Decree.

  • Types of Vaccines

The MOH Decree stipulates the types of COVID-19 vaccines that may be used for the implementation of vaccination in Indonesia the following vaccines produced by (i) PT Bio Farma (Persero) (as the designated state-owned enterprise to procure the COVID-19 vaccines), (ii) AstraZeneca, (iii) China National Pharmaceutical Group Corporation (Sinopharm), (iv) Moderna, (v) Pfizer Inc. and BioNTech, and (vi) Sinovac Biotech Ltd.

The above types of vaccines are either in the third-phase clinical trial or have completed the third-phase of the clinical trial.

In the future, the MOH may change the types of COVID-19 vaccines based on the Indonesian Technical Advisory Group on Immunization’s recommendation and taking into account the considerations of the Committee of the COVID-19 Handling and the National Economic Recovery.

  • Use of Vaccines

In compliance with the National Agency of Drug and Food Control (Badan Pengawas Obat dan Makanan – “BPOM”) Regulation No. 24 of 2017 dated November 24, 2017 on Criteria and Drug Registration Procedures as lastly amended by BPOM Regulation No. 27 of 2020 dated September 29, 2020, the use of vaccines for the implementation of the COVID-19 vaccination is only conducted after receiving the distribution license (izin edar) or emergency use authorization (persetujuan penggunaan darurat) issued by BPOM.

The MOH Decree further provides that the MOH shall conduct the vaccine procurement in accordance with the types of COVID-19 vaccines for the implementation of vaccination program by the MOH. Meanwhile, for the implementation of independent vaccination, the vaccines shall be procured by the Minister of State-Owned Enterprises.

  • Price of the COVID-19 Vaccines

Pursuant to President Joko Widodo’s statement on December 16, 2020, the COVID-19 vaccines would be available free of charge or at no cost. This decision was made after considering the contributions of the public and the calculation of the state budget.

In order to dispel public doubts and to gain the community’s confidence about the safety of the COVID-19 vaccines, the President also confirmed that he would be the first person to receive the COVID-19 vaccine.


January 8, 2021

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